Socialization is a process of social adaptability, where people must live together under norms and values that they must learn and internalize. This learning will make you live in harmony when you come to respect all these duties, there will be coordination and will perform everything successfully coming to formalize social interaction.
But not everything is respected or has been learned correctly, having to comply with these guidelines during all stages of their development you must learn what are the “right” ways andhow we should behave with the rest of society. In most cases it is not so and discrepancies appear and the factor “egocentrism” appears.
It is vitally important that socialization be implemented with harmony and not so hard and authoritative, incorporating all these values from the period of childhood and childhood, because this is where all the correct ways will be marked to know how to behave in society.
Socialization means being aware that we live under a social responsibility or network. We can say that the one who educates us is life itself, everything that surrounds us makes us already have the ability to acquire adaptability in society. But we really find social agents who are always going to guide us, which are schools and the family.
Within these schools we find all the guidelines where to participate. We instill differentiate between behaviors with positive values and between worthless behaviors that become negative.
Under the family bed, it is a parent who will try to restore these values in order to learn under a society. There are two ways to formalize this socialization: dialogue is established to pretend that orders are fulfilled, otherwise punishment will always be imposed or if fulfilled it will be compelled with some kind of reward.
The other way would be with the so-called participatory socialization, we try to dialogue and here no reward is offered or punishments imposed, but rather everything develops symbolically.
These are the elements involved in socialization. These agents will take great influence with each person and study how to recreate behavior according to their society. There are two types of socialization:
Primary socialization: it is the one that takes place from the birth of the person, andwill always be governed under the supervision of the family breast. It will imply that the child has a good personal, psychological development and is properly developed before a society. This will make it define what your identity is. The parent will imply that the subject communicates correctly with gestures and speech, learn to eat, how to identify and respect the roles of authority and know what are the minimum standards of coexistence. This stage can last until your schooling stage begins, where a new socialization will begin.
Secondary socialization: This stage covers the rest of his life butstarts from the moment he is incorporated into the education stage . In this period there is a different view of reality, where socializing agents show other kinds of knowledge and relationships with other people, which goes far beyond what they could see within a family environment. They will learn to consolidate their communication skills, develop their intellectual ability, know an existing reality that surrounds them, to see reality and with it they will learn to assimilate cognitive structures.
Tertiary socialization: This type of socialization also exists and falls within social reintegration for all those whohave suffered a deviation in their conduct and are possibly considered “dangerous or criminal” persons. The goal is to re-instill this way of conduct where professionals will have to intervene.