Project-based learning (PBL) is a methodological strategy. Teachers implement a set of tasks based on solving questions or problems. And students, through a research or creation process, autonomously and with a high level of cooperation between them make a final product that will be presented to the rest of their colleagues.
One of the advantages of project-based learning is its interdisciplinary nature, the same project can have more than one solution. Students have the freedom to choose their strategies and approaches to address problems, which will impact their breadth of mind.
What does project-based learning bring?
Active education makes sense with project-based learning, which can be taken into any study discipline. Students will have to work in collaboration with both their peers, and perhaps, in more in-depth projects, the collaboration will be with elements outside the classroom, such as specialists in the subject.
Children who address projects will acquire important skills such as problem solving, communication, active listening, planning or self-assessment. It emphasizes the meaning of collectivity. In a complementary way students have control over their own learning. And they can additionally identify the related sub-themes.
Other important contributions is that it encourages creativity and imagination. In addition, when posing a challenge, we work the spirit of improvement in each individual, within their own standards of excellence.
Basic elements for building a project
When approaching project-based learning, a number of elements are necessary, such as that the project theme is relevant to students. We can ask them the question of the cultural, physical, environmental heritage environment, etc. To motivate them for this project, they must understand the context, recognize the importance of developing this type of project, and tell it.
Another important element will be the evaluation criteria, with them you can better specify the learning and the project itself. The learning activities that students will address throughout the project are essential, these can be directed by the teacher or individually or collectively, be proposed by the students.
The challenge or challenge will be solved with a final product, this is the result that must be exposed. Project learning does not culminate with learning, but with exposure to an audience, whether classmates, those from other lines, or families, and even experts. It is also possible that students may be asked for a self-assessment of the project.
Differences with traditional teaching
Faced with what is considered a traditional teaching based on presentation, practice and test, project-based learning search, choose, discuss, apply, correct, rehearse. It focuses on what learning is to do, it is an active and shared learning. Students develop three skills or competencies, which will be very useful to them in the societies of the future and today.
These three capacities are linked to three types of minds, scientific, ethics and personal. The scientific and artistic mind develops the ability to use and communicate knowledge in a disciplined, critical and creative way. With this learning the child faces a real problem, poses a challenge, co-designs the plan, executes it and gets a product.
The ethical and solidarity mind works to develop the capacity to live and live together in increasingly heterogeneous human groups. Project-based learning allows training skills related to discrepancy, and to assume that individual facts can have collective consequences.
The school should help develop the personal mind. That each boy or girl moves from his/her inherited personality, through the learned personality, to a chosen personality and this type of learning constitutes a strategy that allows all these processes.