Ovulation becomes part of the menstrual cycle. Arriving the next day to ovulation there are women who begin to experience small changes that come associated with that moment such as mood swings, pain in the abdominal area or changes in appetite.
Being able to understand how our ovulation works is a great step to be able to understand our body much more. If your purpose is to know when there is a peak of fertility, it is also good that you know when you should get pregnant.
What is ovulation?
It is the time when by hormonal changes the ovary releases the egg through the fallopian tubes and will settle in the uterus. This occurs about 14 days after the last menstruation and lasts from 5 to 6 days. It is from here that it is susceptible to being fertilized by a sperm and it is the so-called fertile days.
Phases of ovulation
Follicular phase –is the first phase of the ovulation process. It starts on the first day of the menstrual period and the body is already issuing a signal to the brain to start producing the follicle-stimulating hormone. This hormone will cause the follicles that hold the egg to develop and estrogens. The follicle is broken and the mature egg is released into the fallopian tube.
Ovulatory phase: estrogen levels increase and that enzyme secretion destroys the follicular tissue and thuscompletes the maturation of the egg. In this way the egg is released and its ovulation is maintained for 24 to 36 hours.
Luteal or postovulatory phase– develops after ovulation. The egg remains in the uterus to be fertilized, otherwise menstruation will begin to occur, from here a new menstrual cycle will begin.
What are the symptoms of ovulation in women?
Every woman can be affected in one way or another, and there are even women who do not get to experience any kind of symptoms. Physical change is inevitable as vaginal discharge is usually much whiter, smoother and slippery during those days.
Increased progesterone in the body causes the woman’s body temperature to rise from 0.2° to 0.5°. In addition, you can suffer a small increase in libido, as it would be a natural process that would support the body to induce the person to have a possible fertilization on the most fertile days.
There are women who experience changing their character during those days ranging from a small discomfort with headaches to getting to feel much stronger and self-confident. They may even feel some little discomfort on the side where ovulation is occurring and also in the chest.
A woman may become susceptible to those days of ovulation, she can even get a great drop of defenses and be exposed to getting more viruses or diseases.
How do you know exactly when you are ovulating?
This type of consultation is usually necessary when a menstrual cycle is not usually regular and nor are the typical symptoms that make you doubt if you are ovulating.
For all those women who want to know their ovulation accurately there are tests in pharmacies to measure their condition accurately. There are two types: the LH ovulation test (measures the hormone LH) and the oestrogen ovulation test, which will be measured through the woman’s saliva or vaginal discharge.
However, there are applications where you can track your menstrual calendar and be able to accurately calculate when your ovulation is. This type of queries will do when your cycles are regular, because if they are irregular, the calculation may not be entirely safe.