Special Education is a form of basic education in which certain adaptations are included to the needs of some pupils, whether with or without disabilities, children with special educational needs or those with high skills. Ultimately, it is an education model that seeks to meet the needs of all children so that the right to education is comprehensive and covered for all children.
This adaptation or education modality is designed to integrate all students into the same social environment. Thus, barriers that limit children who have different needs or abilities can learn in the same way as the rest of the pupils are removed. But in addition to educational support, Special Education or Inclusive Education includes certain fundamental aspects for the development of the child.
What is Special Education
Although we are all different, many children have different abilities they need to develop. To have all the tools at their fingertips, these children need specialized and trained personnel to help them develop those capabilities that make them unique and special. In schools where special education is provided, there are qualified staff working with children with Special Educational Needs (NEE).
Within this work team are:
- PTIS: The Comprehensive Education Technical Staff are responsible for thecare of children with special needs. They provide support in cases where the child needs help for mobility, sphincter control, eating or in any aspect that limits the development of the child.
- PT: These are the abbreviations that define theTeacher of Therapeutic Pedagogy or Special Education Teacher. The work of the PT may vary depending on the needs of the school. In centres where they have a Specific Classroom for Children with Special Educational Needs, the PT is the teacher who is responsible for caring exclusively for these children. In addition, there must be another PT to work with those students who study in ordinary classroom but who need support because of their characteristics. This support is essential for children with functional diversity to achieve the goals of each educational stage.
- AL: This is the hearing and language teacher, its function is very different depending on the case and needs of the child. It can work from language stimulation to language functionality. In addition, it offers support to the rest of the teachers so that education is truly comprehensive.
How is it applied?
For a student to receive Special Education, certain protocols must be activated. In some cases, the child is already receiving Early Care because the problem is detected before the school stage begins. In other cases, however, it is in the school itself that the first signs that the child has functional diversity are noticed. Which does not necessarily mean that the child has a disability.
Once the problem is noticed, the relevant protocols are activated, in which the Educational Guidance Team (EOE) must act to assess each specific case and to determine the educational support needed by the child in question. Once such an opinion exists, the child receives all the help he needs to be able to advance his or her academic education without his diversity being an impediment.
For parents who receive the news that their child needs special education, it can be painful and difficult to assimilate at first. However, this is an improvement in the educational stage so that children have the same opportunities even though they are all different and special. All these supports allow the child to develop within a stable environment, with other children and people trained to guide them and help them in those areas where they need it most. Try to accept it as something favorable, because for the child with NEE, this kind of help is fundamental to their cognitive development.