What is inclusive education? According to UNESCO, “Inclusion is seen as the process of identifying and responding to the diversity of the needs of all students through increased participation in learning, cultures and communities, and reducing exclusion in education.” That is to say that it is a way of educating also based on difference and diversity.
In a time when education seeks new redefinitions on its own, especially in a pandemic context and in which reality forces to rethink the ways of teaching, inclusion becomes an essential matter.
Educate without deleting
As UNESCO states, inclusive education “involves changes and modifications in content, approaches, structures and strategies, with a common vision that includes all children of the appropriate age range and the conviction that it is the responsibility of the regular system, to educate all children”.
The proposal is very simple: to offer a quality education based on the idea that every child should be part of the system. Always on the basis that the school system must have the capacity and strategies necessary to include all children. Whatever their characteristics, interests, capabilities and learning needs. To think about inclusive education is based on diversity, knowing that all children are different and therefore have different needs.
is part of the idea that education systems should be designed taking into account the above differences. With programmes suitable for all types of boys and girls, taking into account the diversity of every community.
Educate and include
If until not so long ago the education system sought to teach the so-called “average” or “normal” child, thinking about inclusive education forces us to put aside this idea of normality. Starting from the idea that all boys and girls are different. It is the system that has to find a response to diversity, being able to teach and offer different teaching-learning strategies. Of course, always beyond differences, adapting the contents and pedagogy according to the specific need.
What is inclusive education? To answer this question nothing better than thinking about it from a range of needs that have always been present in the school system. But they are now considered as part of the system. In respect for differences and the search to cover the educational needs of every child, beyond their characteristics and individuality, lies the proposal of inclusive education.
Educating with democracy
Inclusive education seeks to teach in any pedagogical context, both school and non-formal. It is an education that aims at the diversity of students and questions the current educational systems in search of a superior proposal. A proposal that transforms current education to include, integrate and teach the entire student population, based on the idea that education is a right of every child.
In this regard, inclusive education is proposed as a system in which all children and young people, with and without disabilities or difficulties, can attend regular schools. In this way, they can participate horizontally in the educational system. To achieve this, schools and institutions must have adequate support. Why? So that all of them, beyond difficulties, can learn on an equal footing. Experience must be the same for all of them, being able to participate equally in institutional life.
Inclusive education seeks to achieve successful learning for all children and young people, always seeking to overcome differences and exclusion, from a humanitarian and democratic point of view. A very noble goal that advances and advances every day.