Pregnancy and everything around him is completely magical. It is interesting to know how the amazing machine that is the body (in the case at hand, the human body), is able to create life from simple cells. One of the most important elements of pregnancy is the placenta, an organ that is naturally created during pregnancy and is the most important link between mother and fetus.
Part of the placenta is the amniotic sac, a kind of bag created by layers of tissue called ovular membranes. This bag will be the home of your baby throughout its gestation period, in it, it can grow and develop thanks to nutrients and oxygen that will receive from the mother. In addition, it will be kept protected from external agents, bumps and possible infections thanks to amniotic fluid and ovular membranes.
At the beginning of pregnancy, the fiber layers that make up the ovular membranes are very small. But as pregnancy progresses, they will grow and increase in volume until finally, they completely cover the embryo. Something that happens relatively quickly, during the first trimester of pregnancy.
These layers of fabricare divided into two parts:
- The inner membrane: This part is calledamnios, and is the one that contains the amniotic fluid and therefore, the one that houses the fetus throughout the pregnancy.
- The outer membrane: It is the so-calledchorion, it is part of the placenta and the one that contains the amnion, that is, the inner membrane.
Both layers of ovular membranes are closely glued to each other and are formed by different types of cells. Both amniotic fluid and ovular membranes, are essential for the development of the fetus, since they are responsible for the small being protected. On the one hand, amniotic fluid allows you to move and develop your body normally.
In addition to keeping it warm as it provides you with an adequate temperature throughout the pregnancy. And it also keeps it protected from the blows and possible trauma that could suffer as a result of the mother’s movements.
ovular membranes, in turn protect the fetus and amniotic fluid, as they prevent microbes and other bacteria from the reprod uctive tractfrom accessing the amniotic sac.
Complications in pregnancy: premature rupture of membranes
The fibers that form the ovular membranes degrade throughout the pregnancy. Since it is an element with an expiration date, as the time of delivery approaches, the membranes that form the amniotic sac will weaken until they break to let out the amniotic fluid and then the baby.
One of the problems that can occur during pregnancy is, premature rupture of membranes. This complication involves the loss of amniotic fluid, which can be very dangerous for the fetus, depending on the week of gestation in which this problem occurs. In addition to being a dangerous source of infection, it assumes that the fetus does not receive the nutrients and oxygen it needs to grow and survive until the time of delivery.
However, although premature rupture of membranes can be dangerous, in most cases everything develops relatively normally. If this happens between weeks 34 and 37 of gestation, your doctor may decide to advance delivery to avoid infections and risks to the baby’s health. In the event that the rupture occurs before week 34, the risks for the baby are important and different techniques will be performed to try to lengthen the pregnancy for as long as possible.
In any case, it is very important that during your pregnancy you follow a varied and balanced diet and that you adopt healthy lifestyle habits. Stress, over-exertion, unrecommended exercise or certain unhealthy lifestyle habits such as tobacco, are risk factors.