If you’re going to talk to your children, whether they’re male or female, about birth control methods, it’s good to show them all the possibilities. Some are more recommended than others depending on age, but it is advisable that you explore the maximum options. And if it is to use them with your partner, and avoid unwanted pregnancies or better plan the next, then the same, the more options are known better.

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Contraception methods are those methods that prevent the egg from being fertilized by a sperm. Therefore, the morning-after pill is not exactly a method of birth control.

Types of contraceptive methods

Contraception methods are usually classified according to their type in:

  • Barrier, they prevent the arrival of sperm to the egg physically. The best known is the female or male condom, which also protects against sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Hormonal, for the moment only women are marketed. They work by inhibiting ovulation so that, in each menstrual cycle, the ovary does not ripen the egg and pregnancy cannot occur.
  • Intrauterine. They get that name because they are placed inside the uterus. We can find two types: the IUD with progestogen, with what we could say is hormonal, and the copper IUD that functions as a barrier.
  • Surgical. They are contraceptive methods that aim to achieve permanent and non-reversible contraception. However, both tubal ligation and vasectomy can be reversed. In this article we will not deal with them, but you have information here.

Types of condoms and other barrier methods

Male condom or condom is perhaps the best known method of birth control. The vaginal condom prevents sperm from reaching the egg, also protecting against sexually transmitted diseases and infections. Both condoms can be used at any time, without having to foresee penetration as happens in other contraceptive methods.

The diaphragm is crescent shaped, it is introduced into the vagina covering the cervix. Its use is advised gasket to spermicides. To ensure its effectiveness, you must enter it half an hour before starting penetration and you can not remove it until 6 hours after ejaculation. The cervical cap has the same principle, and functioning as the diaphragm. Both methods are always reusable and stored properly.

Spermicides are ideal combined with other barrier methods, but their use alone is not recommended.

Hormonal contraceptive methods

Hormonal contraceptive methods are very effective methods. Let’s say there are two types, combined hormonal ones that contain two types of hormones: estrogens and gestogens, such as birth control pills or vaginal ring. And those that contain a single type of hormone, gestogen, among which are mini-pills, subcutaneous implant or hormone-releasing IUD.

The vaginal ring is inserted into the vagina on the first day of rule and held for 21 days, resting the following 7 days when menstrual bleeding occurs. If for any reason the ring comes out, it is important that it is not out of the vagina more than 3 hours, so that its contraceptive effect remains.

Birth control pills are taken orally. It is one of the safest methods, provided it is taken every day. The mini-pill, progesterone only pills are very mild and are allowed in situations such as lactation or women suffering from migraines.

The patch is a hormonal contraceptive that is placed on the skin on the arm, back, hip. It works by slowly releasing hormones through the skin, so it is very important that it does not peel off during the time of use. Depending on the type of patch is replaced every month, every three or every six months. The subdermal implant is a small plastic rod that is inserted under the skin. It is a very effective method of birth control that lasts 3 years. Quarterly injection is administered intramuscularly every three months. For all these methods you need medical advice and follow-up.