Weight gain during pregnancy depends on each woman, pregnancy, weight she had before, height,… And you have to be attentive to the weight we are taking, it can become a problem to take a lot of weight as taking little. Today we talk about the weight in pregnancy to dispel all doubts regarding this issue.
Gaining weight during pregnancy is inevitable. There are women who care very much about weight gain during gestation while others pass completely. The truth is that in restraint is always the key, to be attentive without obsessing and also knowing when to worry and when not. Doing medical follow-up is vital to know if we are in the right weight gain.
The saying that a pregnant woman has to eat for two is not true. It is a false myth that has spread and can lead to overeating during pregnancy. The woman only needs to increase her calorie intake a little but not twice so that the baby develops correctly. During the first trimester experts advise to increase only about 150 calories a day. From the third trimester it is enough to increase 300 or 400 calories a day.
The most important thing is to have a healthy diet, such as the Mediterranean diet. Increasing the consumption of fruits and vegetables, drinking water and doing some exercise are very important to not catch too many kilos.
How much weight is gained during pregnancy?
This is a topic that worries many women. How much weight is normal to increase throughout pregnancy. As we saw before it will depend on every woman and every pregnancy. The same woman can get fat in a pregnancy 10 kilos and in another 15 kilos. Normal is between 7 and 12 kilos, although it will depend mostly on the weight the mother had before she became pregnant.
- Low mother weight: you usually gain between 12.5 and 18 kilos
- Normal weight : between 11.5 and 16 kilos.
- Overweight: between 7 and 11.5 kilos
- Obesity:between 6 and 7 kilos.
Weight gain not only corresponds to the weight of the baby, but also there is the placenta that weighs between 300 and 500 grams, the uterus that can weigh 500 grams, the plasma volume and adipose tissue that increases considerably during pregnancy. Breasts can also double their size to prepare for breastfeeding and water retention increases mostly near the end of pregnancy.
When do we have to worry?
It is often believed that the pregnant woman increases one kilo a month, but it is not really the case. The first months you can even not get anything fat or even loseweightif you suffer from nausea and vomiting. Also with hormonal changes you can lose your appetite. You don’t have to worry if that happens. From the third trimester already begins weight gain until the end of pregnancy. If this does not happen if it would be time to worry.
If you have extreme thinness is a risk factor for the development of pregnancy and for yourself. It is related to increased likelihood of low birth weight, delayed development and growth, premature birth or threat of abortion. A certain amount of fat is necessary for the hormones that are involved in conception to do their function, and if you are too thin they will not be able to do it. It also affects the time of conception making it difficult.
Obesity is also a risk factor for both the baby and the mother. There is a risk for the mother of high blood pressure, gestational diabetes and an increased likelihood of cesarean section. For babies there is a risk of spina bifida, heart problems, diabetes among other problems. If you are obese it would be advisable to lose weight before you start your pregnancy search to prevent problems.
Why remember… follow the instructions of your gynecologist and if you have doubts do not forget to consult it to stay calm.