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Of all are known benefits of the mediterranean dietwhether you are pregnant or not, and for you and your children. In addition, different studies demonstrate the direct relationship between the Mediterranean diet and the mother’s health, and the child during pregnancy, and the first two years of the baby’s life.

The Mediterranean diet, rich in unsaturated fatty acids, cereals, vegetables, has as its main ingredient virgin olive oil. With it the incidence of cardiovascular diseases in any population is reduced, and during pregnancy it enhances its qualities. Keeping a Mediterranean diet from before pregnancy, during and after is beneficial and meets the demand for nutrients at any stage of the woman’s life.

Mediterranean diet and pistachios, equal to healthy pregnancy

The data we are going to tell you are based on the study of Hospital Clínico San Carlos (Madrid) have done. The study concludes that a Mediterranean diet with extra virgin olive oil and pistachios is synonymous with health during pregnancy.

These benefits extend from mother to child. Infants whose mothers followed a Mediterranean diet, supplemented with extra virgin olive oil and pistachios, have been confirmed to have reduced their hospital admission due to bronchiolitis, asthma, or infectious diseases.

The director of the study, Alfonso Calle, states that: At least one in four hospital admissions in children up to two years of age can be avoided through a feeding of the mother during gestation based on the Mediterranean diet. This diet is associated with a better anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory profile and better microbiota. These induce beneficial outcomes for children’s health in their first two years of life.

Mediterranean diet to control weight in pregnancy

This same research team from the Madrid hospital has shown that early adherence to the Mediterranean diet with a supplement of extra virgin olive oil and 30 grams of walnuts daily reduces the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus and other negative consequences. It also improves the metabolic profile of women in the postpartum period.

Taking a Mediterranean diet during pregnancy, but not following any other healthy recommendations, does not in itself reduce the risks of maternal complications, but does have the potential to reduce weight gain in pregnancy and the risk of gestational diabetes.

This study suggests that the Mediterranean diet is an effective intervention for women who enter a pregnancy with prior obesity, chronic hypertension or elevated lipid levels. All pregnant women are advised to start consuming nuts, olive oil, fruits and whole grains as soon as possible and reduce animal fats and sugar.

Less risk of accelerated growth

We are now going to a study conducted by the Barcelona Institute of Global Health (ISGlobal). They conclude that pregnant women who follow a Mediterranean diet have less risk that their babies will have an accelerated growth trajectory. Accelerated growth is characterized by a high birth weight and a rapid increase in weight in childhood. This fact can determine an increased risk of obesity in the future.

This study was conducted on a population of more than 2,700 pregnant women from Asturias, Guipuzcoa, Sabadell and Valencia. All of them are part of the INMA-Childhood and Environment Project. Follow-up was done during pregnancy, women filled out a questionnaire about their diet. It has been extended to 4 years of age of children. The results showed pregnant women with greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet had 32% less risk of having children with an accelerated growth trajectory, compared to those who had not followed this diet.

The study found no direct relationship between following a Mediterranean diet and a reduction of cardiometabolic risk in childhood. It also reveals that women who follow a Mediterranean diet during pregnancy are older than those who do not.