Today International Sign LanguageDay is celebrated, but throughout the week different activities are being done that make deaf people visible and their way of communication. Every day they are good at claiming the right of deaf people to communicate, and this includes the possibility of doing so in educational spaces.
For more than five years, a Royal Decree was published which included in the ESO and Baccalaureate curricula the possibility that schools offer the subject of Spanish Sign Language or Braille or other subjects related to the communication and integration of persons with disabilities?but how many of them have integrated it?
LSE as a language of inclusion in classrooms
The State Confederation of Deaf Persons (CNSE) applauded the ministry’s initiative to include ESO and Bachelor’s curricula in the curricula. This was an old claim of the organization, which has been answered in paper, but few are the public and, or, concerted, institutes that have implemented it. However, as a legally recognized language it must be present in the educational offer of schools.
In madreshoy we take as an example the Association of Nais e Pais de Nenos Xordos de Galicia (Anpanxoga) which requires bilingual education in sign and oral languages. In this association they have focused on multilingualism. They speak of an equation between English and sign language, particularly because these boys and girls have additional needs, which are not being met. The members of the association demand support for this communicative and emotional deprivation of children to disappear.
From the Spanish Confederation of Families of Deaf Persons conclude that inclusive education is very important. But there must be a real commitment by the entire education system to provide the resources needed. If we want to move forward as a society, all people must move forward and education is the basis.
Advantages of learning Sign Language in schools
Not only for deaf boys and girls learning Sign Language has advantages. For anyone and more as a child, it is interesting, to communicate with others, know what their concerns, worries, thoughts and feelings are using your hands. Let us remember that sign language is conceived as an element of cohesion and creative adaptation.
Boys and girls who know the sign language have better self-esteem, feel safer and happier. Access to the LSE for children listeners is important, for true integration. The fact that little listeners can study sign language at school allows them to improve their social skills. They communicate with deaf children without difficulty, which encourages them to make new friends.
Numerous studies claim that knowing the sign language enhances intelligence by increasing brain mass. It stimulates the functioning of the two cerebral hemispheres, the right is related to the signs, the left one focuses on words, which assumes a perfect combination.
Educational models for deaf children
According to the National Institute of Statistics, only about 13,300 deaf persons (the number of adults) are signants. With early detection programmes, technological advances in hearing aids and innovative treatments, many deaf children have been able to access oral language.
This leads many parents to decide between two models for educating their children: auditory-verbal therapies, aimed at improving oral communication and hearing skills by taking advantage of brain plasticity in the early stages of life; or bilingualism, that is, simultaneous exposure to languages signs, visual perception, and oral language.
moment, the scientific community has not definitively opted for any option. In any case, to enhance the sign language it must be effectively included in the subjects of our colleges and institutes.