Sepsis in infants and children occurs as a result of a serious infection caused inside your body. It can affect anyone and most commonly occur in adults and very young babies. We should pay attention to this disease, as it is very common in children of very young age given to its great vulnerability.
It is vitally important to reach any symptoms or small presence of infection. Any kind of manifestation should be borrowed with great interest and see a doctor as quickly as possible if the child does not improve at a small detection.
La sepsis neonatal
The child develops this condition within months of birth (up to 90 days after birth). If it appears within a few hours or days after birth, it is called early-onset sepsis and if it appears after the first week of life it will indicate that it is a late-onset neonatal sepsis .
Sepsis in older children
As they grow, children become more vulnerable because they are exposed to more related infections in areas where they are managed such as: kindergartens or schools, to activities or sports. The most common infections can be urinary tract, skin, appendicitis, meningitis or pneumonia. If they are not treated quickly, they can cause sepsis.
What causes sepsis?
Sepsis is the systematic response to the presence of an infection. Its condition can be attributed both to the response of the infectant pathogen or how a response of the child himself to such a problem.
The most common pathogens are bacteria, fungi and viruses as causing this ailment, but these will also have a more aggressive response or not depending on some factors in their host as age, whether you have any type of associated disease or geographical location.
Signs and symptoms of sepsis
Any of these signs usually occur occasionally when a child is sick, but if you have more than one of these symptoms at a time or the child is much sicker than usual, you mayneed medical attention.
- The most occasional is the onset of fever.
- Keep your feet and hands very cold.
- Shortness of breath.
- Accelerated heart rate.
- Confusion, dizziness and disorientation.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- General malaise and with discomfort in the limbs.
Treatment for sepsis in children
Treatment should be carried out as quickly as possible, as each hour of delay can reduce the patient’s chances of survival. Children are usually admitted and cared for in intensive care (ICU).
Before imposing treatment, a study should be done that analyzes the type of infection of the child. It is important to find out the type of virus or bacteria that causes it, so you need to have a blood, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid test.
It will be done by supplying antibiotics and will try to supplement with other measures to treat the other ailments that are complementing sepsis such as: some type of shock, hypothermia, hyperthermia, pain, improve nutrition…
The duration of treatment will vary according to the situation of each problem. Treatments usually last around 10 days, but depending on various conditions of improvement or non-evolution it may either decrease the days or increase treatment.
How to avoid sepsis
It is important for parents or caregivers to talk to pediatricians about the measures they should take for their prevention, for this it is good to make known signs and symptoms.
Children should have good body hygiene, especially hand washing and always have any wound or cut disinfected. You have to follow the vaccination plan correctly to avoid these types of infections that can create sepsis.