Oral health care is essential at all ages, and as other habits, hygiene and routines begin to be acquired in childhood. These will be basic for proper health throughout life. It is very important that mothers and fathers be an example and encourage good routines that prevent future oral problems.
The baby and the child must be accustomed from very young to that oral hygiene. If from before the first tooth you used to pass a wet gauze, then it will not be strange for you to brush your teeth. Then every day, at the right age, you will assume this responsibility. Also, if you accustom them to visits to the dentist in a normal and natural way, he will not acquire possible fears.
Oral health before the first teeth
Yeah, you read it right. We can have good oral health since our baby is a newborn. What’s more, I’d tell you that already in pregnancy you’ll be preparing your oral health. Pregnant women with tooth decay or gum disease, can transmit bacteria to the fetus and thus cause weight problems at birth, for example. Therefore, as a future mother this is your first commitment to your child’s health: taking care of yourself.
When the baby is between 0 and 6 months, it will be the time of his first tooth, approximately, the mother needs to be especially careful with bottle caries . This is caused by wet the pacifier in sugar, honey or other substance, which will favor this type of caries.
At this stage, even if the child does not have teeth, it is necessary to sanitize his mouth with wet and soft gauze before bedtime and after each meal. There is also a kind of baby thimble, designed to stimulate the gum when the outflow of baby teeth begins and serves, in turn to clean the gum.
Health during the first year
The oral health of the baby is strengthened at the moment the first tooth comes out. These teeth should be carefully taken careof, they will mark the development of definitive teeth, alignment, bone space and development of the oral cavity. Remember that the intake of juices and sugary drinks should not be abused.
Since the first baby teeth appear you need to use a soft bristle toothbrush and keep using the damp cloth for areas without mouthpieces. It is time to remove the bottle or breastfeeding gradually, to avoid deformations in bone growth. Dentists say that the pacifier can be used up to two years of age at most.
In the first year the child’s teeth should be brushed daily, using a soft brush and without using toothpaste. In some cases it may be advisable to use fluoride supplements, but you should consult with your pediatrician. For gum pain, very common at this stage, the gums can be gently rubbed with a brush or gauze to relieve the baby.
Oral care with milk teeth
most important thing, as far as the oral health of childhood is concerned, is that from the year the child becomes familiar with the habits of dental hygiene. The best strategy is for us to brush our teeth with him or her, and explain the procedure to him. The first visit to the dentist should be done between the year and a half to two years.
From the age of 3, they are already able to brush their teeth alone, but not to do it properly. We have to check it out! Try to achieve an adequate brushing duration, between two and three minutes. A small amount of toothpaste can be used from 18 months. It is advisable to start brushing his tongue and let the child learn to rinse and spit the water.
From the age of 6, or earlier our children will begin to lose their teeth, and replace them with the definitive ones. Not for this reason we should turn a blind eye on oral health, we must continue with the correct hygiene habits.