order not to lose ourselves in what is considered child abuse and what is not, we will turn to the definition of WHO, World Health Organization. It is all that action, whether physical, emotional or sexual, or omission of these actions, that parents or caregivers intentionally exert on the child and cause physical and/or psychological harm to the child.
We can talk about various types of abuse, from physical to emotional, both sexual. At the same time, the behavior of the minor or the minor can be very different. But as a society, as individuals, we have to be attentive to signs. We show you some of the indicators that indicate possible abuse.
Types of indicators that can warn us
Detecting child abuse, making it visible and addressing it with the right tools and methodology is very important, but it’s not easy. To begin with, much of these abuses are discussed in the house, and the boy or girl is silent for fear of not being believed or having greater retaliation.
Some of the indicators that can point out that we are dealing with child abuse can be physical symptoms, such as body pain, blows, bruises of various evolution, burns or wounds on the child’s body. The child can begin to behave “suspiciously” with loss of appetite, sleep disorders, hyperactivity, regression of behavior, tendency to secrecy, aggressiveness, school problems, resistance to undressing or bathing, social isolation, etc. The latter indicators are associated with the sphere emotional, with strokes of sadness, irritability, fear, hatred, feelings of guilt, helplessness, shame.
Early behavior or unsuitable sexual knowledge for their age can also be given, sex games with dolls, refusal to caress, kisses and physical contact.
It is not customary that none of these indicators are presented, but it will depend on the degree of abuse the child perceives. And obviously it doesn’t have to be all. There may be boys and girls who apparently show no signs of abuse, but who are subjected to abuse.
Is child abuse psychological abuse? how is it detected?
Of course, psychological child abuse is ill-treatment and its consequences can be very serious. A child who during childhood has been abused, and has not found the necessary support, could repeat what he has suffered, and even commit actions with biases of vengeance, during his adolescence and in adulthood.
In everyday life we understand psychological abuse when a pattern of verbal or behavioral actions is repeated that reveal contempt, absolute indifference, deep devaluation or permanent disapproval of the boy or girl. Abuse can also come by omission, that is, in the absence of actions that convey positive messages and safety or emotional reinforcement to the least.
Experts address psychological abuse from different perspectives and etiologies. There is a sociological approach, one cognitive, there is the psychiatric approach, another that values the inadequate processing of information. Finally there are those who talk about the stress poorly handled by adults. Whatever the origin of the problem is always the boy or girl who is most harmed.
Bullying and child abuse
Although we have dealt extensively with the issue of bullying in other posts, it is not worth mentioning it again. When we talk about child abuse and we refer to the family and environment of the child. Sometimes the hostile environment is school. This abuse, or abuse can come from teachers, school adults, peers, older or minor students.
Bullying manifests itself in a more violent way in pre-adolescence and adolescence. In some cases what we call a “bully” covers up a battered boy or girl. At any suspicion of child abuse, in the house, the nearest environment, or in the community, it is better to move from “poorly thought” than to look the other way.