El ciclo lunar para niños

The lunar cycle for children

Children are curious by nature and this causes them to often ask things that are difficult to explain. The sky and all its immensity, is an inexhaustible source of curiosity for the little ones, they wonder things about the stars, the sun, clouds or the moon. And precisely about the latter, about the changes of the moon, children are real curiosity.

In order to correctly explain these types of issues, it is necessary to have at least some basic knowledge. And even, it is necessary to know how to adapt the response to children’s knowledge and understanding. Because often the explanation we know as adultsis too complicated to be able to make children understand. For this reason, below is a short explanation of the lunar calendar for children.

The lunar calendar for children

el calendario lunar

To help you in this explanation, it is advisable to use some material that will serve as visual support, such as small plasticine balls. In this way, you can recreate the movement of the Moon, Earth and Sun to create an easy-to-understand lunar cycle. You can also make drawings, although it will be somewhat more difficult to understand if children are young.


first thing to explain to children is that the Moon is the only satellite on Earth, which means it revolves around the planet where we all live. At the same time, Earth revolves around the Sun and from that movement arises the lunar cycle, which lasts about 29 days. During the lunar cycle, the way the Moon looks will change depending on the position in which it is relative to the Earth and is to the Sun.

How to use plasticine balls

It’s time to use the plasticine balls or drawing if you prefer this option. When explaining each moon phase, you will have to place each ball in its position. Leaving the Sun on one side and placing the ball that makes Moon in its position between the Earth and the Sun in each case.

  • The New Moon: This is the least seen phase of the Moon, since itis located behind the Sunand that is why it is not seen. To create the representation of this moon phase, you can make a moon of one color of the sky at night, dark and place the ball behind the Sun. In this way, children understand that the Moon at this stage cannot be seen because it is “hidden” behind the Sun.
  • Crescent Moon: This phase lasts between 19 and 30 hours, allowing the Moon to be seen in this phase from many different angles. The size of the moon in this phase is very small, use it to create a small plasticine ball, place it in a position where it can be seen from different positions. Children can move around the table to observe how in this case, the Moon is not hidden.
  • The fourth growing: During this phase, the Moon is located between the Earth and the Sun at an angle of 90º. That is, what you see about the Moon is a small portion shaped like a banana. This is how children usually draw the moon, C-shaped. But in the growing quarter C must be inverted to be in its real position.
  • The Full Moon: It is the easiest way to create in molding paste, as it is the time of the cycle whenthe Moon is seen in its complete form.
  • The waning quarter: The Moon is spinning and changing its position with respect to the Sun. When it is in the waning quarter it is forming a right angle just like when it is in the fourth crescent, but to the other side. That is, The Moon has exactly the shape that children use to drawit, like a banana or a watermelon slice.
  • The Black Moon: Againa lunar cycle begins and everything starts again from the beginning.

The representation with the plasticine balls or with the drawings, will help you explain the lunar calendar. This phenomenon that every day can be observed in the sky.