Today we value democracy, one of those abstract concepts, which are concreted into a political system, but which involves, above all, education in freedom and respect. All these concepts are complicated to explain to children, so, as we almost always tell you, it is best to live it at home, practice them, and then give them a “theoretical” content. Because democracy is learned.
Democracy is related to Human Rights, conflict prevention and the common good.
How to create a democratic home
It is very important that the values and principles of democracy be taught athome, and that it be done from childhood. Children must be responsible and participate in some decisions. For example, choosing furniture in your room, what places you would like to visit, what clothes to wear for this or that event. With this we will be taking into account your opinions, will be participants in family life, and feel even more integrated. The same happens with democracy, if we move it to the town, the city, the autonomous community and more.
And when you disagree with the decisions they have made, explain your reasons, in turn they will do the same. If you reach a perfect agreement, if not, we will have to vote. This is the principle of democracy, dialogue.
voting , the boy or girl will become familiar with this idea and will appreciate what the right to vote implies. With the vote comes the concept that the majority decides. Boys and girls must learn to respect the decision of the majority, namely that it affects the whole family group and the lives of others.
Democracy in school
The school is another ideal place to practice democracy, shared between adults and minors. The curricula promote different activities, at all levels and areas, which stimulate democratic attitudes, and participation by all. In general, in the school, within the classrooms, constructive debate, exercise of freedoms, compliance with standards is promoted, through sports activities, teamwork, planning of extracurricular, assemblies…
The teaching of democracy in schools cannot be seen, only, as a curricular indoctrination, or historistic development, but as a guided process of responsible participation. One of the responsibilities of teachers in schools is to inspire and allow these principles.
Democratic school goes one step beyond democratic attitudes, and refers to the implementation of the participation of all in the management of the educational institution. Students, staff and parents participate in decision-making. In some schools, attending these meetings is compulsory, in others volunteers, and can be done as an assembly or in representations.
Fact sheets to work on the concept of democracy
If you want to support yourself in the classroom, or at home, to explain, after having lived what democracy is we provide you with a guide to one of the cards prepared by a team of professionals. The topic about democracy, in most of the Curriculum, is developed in primary school.
The first thing you will find is its origin, which was born in Greece, its definition as a form of state government, and in a broader way as a form of social coexistence. This sheet shows the types of democracy, and finally the concdions for a democratic government, with concepts such as freedom of expression, freedom of association, political parties, elections, referendum, universal suffrage, equality, division of powers.
Some activities you can propose is to analyze an image or news from the Internet or the newspaper and know whether or not it reflects a democratic act. For example, a photo of a demonstration. And don’t forget to comment on freedom of the press, which is essential for democracy to take place.