Many women consider being egg donors so that others can be mothers. It’s an act of voluntary generosity. We tell you what are the requirements, the steps to follow and what is the donation, which will be anonymous, voluntary, informed and unpaid.
Although the donation is unpaid, the female egg donor receives compensation, from the clinic that accepts her eggs, for expenses acquired while making the donation.
Anonymity and compensation for the egg donor
The law guarantees the confidentiality of the data of female egg donors. The conditions for data protection are established, and the financial compensation that the donor woman receives as a means of compensating for the costs of transfer, pre-treatment and others. But the oocyte donor woman doesn’t have to pay anything. It is the receiving woman who bears the expenses, including compensation, fertilization, as well as all the equipment used in this assisted reproduction technique.
In Spain the sale of eggs is prohibited by the Assisted Reproduction Act. However, financial compensation is mandatory for egg donation ranging from 600 to 1,000 euros. The price of the most frequent egg donation is greater than 900 euros.
These 900 euros are used to cover the costs of moving to the clinic or egg bank, medical tests such as ultrasound, puncture, ovarian stimulation; the time that the donor invests in the entire donation process and compensate for possible discomfort and side effects of hormonal treatment.
Requirements to be met by a woman who wants to donate
The requirements for donating eggs are those indicated by the Spanish Assisted Reproduction Act, when complying with them it is supported that children born from donated oocytes are healthy and without risk of contracting a genetic disease. A woman donor of eggs must be in good health, not be a virgin, be of legal age and under 35 years ofage. To find out if you are in good health, a medical examination and genetic tests are done to rule out certain diseases of transmission between mothers and children.
Other requirements are not having used drugs, not being a smoker. In practice this point is not evaluated, it is enough just not to smoke in the consultation. Do not wear a hormonal IUD intrauterine device. If you use this type of contraceptive you will have to remove it before starting treatment as it prevents proper ovulation.
You can donate eggs as many times as you want, but it is recommended to wait a minimum of 3 months between donations. The only limitation is that you cannot donate if 6 children have already been born from your eggs, whether they are donations or not.
Egg donation process
Schematically, these are the steps you need to follow for egg donation:
- Contact the clinic, there they will give you an appointment to go and fill out a questionnaire. It has to be a clinic in the same municipality you live in.
- Conduct a face-to-face interview. It’s very simple, a first contact to find out the donor’s personal background. In it they will inform you of all your rights and obligations.
- Pass a simple medical examination . In Spain these tests include: psychological test, DNA and blood tests, ultrasound, gynecological examination.
- Hormonal ovarian stimulation treatment so you can produce more mature eggs in your menstrual cycle. Almost always it consists of injecting, for 12 days a few hormones. Injecting hormones may cause some side effects, such as swelling or mood swings. There is an ideal time to start with the treatment of hormones, it is just after the end of the monthly menstruation.
- Follicular puncture. After the hormonal treatment is finished and before menstruation, in the clinic, with anesthesia you will perform the process to remove the eggs. It lasts about 20 minutes, and usually leave you at the clinic for about 2 or 3 hours, until you wake up from anesthesia. Then you can go home and continue with your normal life.
Egg donation very rarely has side effects, but, they may occur, in the clinic they will warn you about them.