Today 85 years ago the UN was founded, the United Nations Organization, Its goal is to promote international cooperation. When it was founded, the UN had 51 Member States and today it is already 193. Within this organization there are other organizations, such as UNICEF, UNESCO, FAO, which seek to improve the lives of all people in different respects.
This article is about the importance of the UN, its organization, the Sustainable Development Goals and other aspects, with which we want to help you explain to your children why this organization and the importance of their decisions on global issues.
Objectives and principles of the United Nations
Already in the letter that the UN founded one day how today, on 24 October 1945, it was clear that it was an international organization, made up of States, that can take action on the problems facing humanity in the 21st century, such as peace, security, climate change, development sustainable, human rights..
In fact, the objectives of the United Nations are:
- Maintain world peace.
- Help countries get along.
- Improve the living conditions of people around the world.
- Make the planet a better place.
At the same time, Member States that have signed the UN Charter are committed to the following principles:
- All States have sovereign equality .
- You must obey the Charter.
- They must seek to resolve their differences by peaceful means. They should avoid the use of force or threaten to use force.
- The UN cannot interfere in any country’s internal affairs.
- Countries must assist in the work of the United Nations.
The composition of the UN
To handle the difficult task of doing that states cooperate in the most efficient way with the UN. It is organized in different branches: the General Assembly, the Security Council, the International Court of Justice and the Secretariat. As we have said, today 193 states form the United Nations. South Sudan has been the last sovereign country to join in 2011.
The tools to achieve the UN’s objectives are United Nations programmes and funds. They are very important because they are aimed at eradicating poverty, reducing inequalities and creating hope for the countries and people living in them to be happy.
Looking ahead, the United Nations, the countries that are part of it, is committed to a number of goals and targets, which must be achieved by 2030. The agenda sets out 17 Goals with 169 targets covering different areas, such as economic, social and environmental. All SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals, can be downloaded in children’s version from the same UN page, and in Spanish.
Importance of the UN
Today, as when it was created, the main function of the UN is to maintain peace and security. That is why it has peacekeeping forces, the blue helmets, which are armies that defend human rights in conflicts, and which are made up of soldiers of different nationalities.
Protecting Human Rights and providing humanitarian assistance is another of the most important functions of this organization. That is why the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted. One document published annually by the United Nations is the Human Development Index, a ranking of countries in terms of poverty, literacy, education and life expectancy.
Although the spirit of the United Nations is to be neutral, the reality is that it is made up of countries, with their interests that sometimes collide. However, the value and importance of the United Nations is to make global values, of all countries above those of each State, and make the planet a much better place, without distinction as to race, creed or ideology.