Deaf blind children contain a multiple disability that involves a large limitation in the sense of sight and hearing. These children need a special education style and support that they can cope with their daily lives. In most cases, although it is determined that they are deaf blind, it does not imply that these two of their senses are totally diminished, but may be partially reduced.
The education of deaf blind children must be adapted to the type of disability they represent in each person. There are children who, having partially improved their sense of vision and hearing resistance, can access school, secondary and even university integration. But if they do not possess at least developed something any of their senses their education will be specialized where you will have to have an intermediary between him and the world around him.
What is achieved in the education of deaf blind children?
We have to bring the child closer to the world around him and try to associate it with reality. It is necessary to motivate him to develop his communication with the world around him and take advantage of some of the potential it has existing.
Education specialists will try to bring the child closer to what surrounds him through words, natural gestures, conventional signs, movements and touch with hands.
Types of schooling
Standard school enrolment: these children can go to ordinary schools with some adaptations for them. It should be remembered that some deaf blind people do not have total limitation in their senses, so they can communicate with others orally or visually. In these cases classes will be given, but with some special care guidelines and different to other children.
Special education: in these centres children cango to specialized classrooms within their category, with students and deaf blind peers. The attention will be much more specialized where they will be attended by an Educational Guidance Team. Here we will evaluate the personalized attention of each student and will be given some of the following contributions:
- It should be assessed what special needs it needs, what kind of personal autonomy it maintains and what is its communicative capacity vis-à-vis others.
- In response to all this , the kind of help you need and how it should be your adaptation. In turn, the most feasible rate of schooling will be applied for its evolution.
Resources you need inside the classroom
This type of resources will depend on the needs of each student, remember that not all are the same, so these tools will be essential, although some not so complete:
- A mediator: it is one of the essential supports for the existence of an approach between students and what is around them.
- FM Systems: This is a microphone that is placed near the counselor and a receiver that connects to the hearing aid or cochlear implant. This system helps to improve communication between the two as it has good signal resolution and reduces any noise that happens in the environment.
- Hearing aids: hearingaids or cochlear implants. It will be for some students as they may contain auditory remains and can be used very effectively.
- Braille: This writing system is widely used by blind people and fits perfectly for deaf blind pupils.
- Adapted materials: this type of objects is of vital importance for their education. In a science class you can use objects with real shape from our human anatomy. In the Geography study they will use relief maps and for other resources such as Biology they will use scenes with objects. They will use tactile sense, smells and in some cases, when possible, sounds.
- Technology: in this type of technological advances have come to serve as a great help to increase their autonomy, in some cases have come to use screen expanders.