Eating disorders in the early years of childhood are more frequent than it seems. There are children who eat excessively slowly, get distracted by anything and do not finish the dish, others who eat only if they watch TV, mobile or tablet, those who rise continuously, and those who simply refuse to try new foods, always eat the same.
All experts co-indicate that the first years of a boy or girl’s life are the decisive stage in establishing good eating patterns. If your son or daughter does not eat well, there may be a symptomatology behind that you should not overlook. We tell you what are usually the most common eating disorders in young children.
Disorders in young children, before the age of 6
disorder in pediatric age has been defined as the existence of an altered oral intake, not appropriate for age, associated with medical, nutritional problems, eating skills and/or psychosocial dysfunction. They often appear as an isolated problem, influenced by genetic, environmental, behavioral, and emotional issues, or as a disorder concomitant to an underlying organic disease, or structural anomaly.
Eating disorders (TAs) that often happen to children before age 6, are different from those that develop at other ages. At the stage of less than 6 years, they are often related to the interaction with their mother, family, environment or caregivers of the child.
In general, toddler ATTs appear between the ages of 0 and 6, and are more common below the age of 3. Transition stages are very delicate and important, from breastfeeding or bottle to spoon, and from crushed to solid food.
Some eating disorders that are common
Obesity is increasingly common in children under 5 years old has to do with sedentary lifestyle, and with the type of feeding of the child. A type of feeding that the child does not decide for himself, therefore it relates to bad habits acquired, too much sugar, a lot of fat, a lot of salt.
One of the common disorders is PICA, this is the intake of substances not considered food, such as pencils, chalk, soap plasticine, insects. This behavior is inappropriate from 18-24 months, at earlier ages it is common as a mode of exploration of the world. This eating disorder is associated with autism spectrum diseases, OCD, or avoidation/restriction disorder.
In the first years of life, the foundation for anorexia and bulimia nervosa canbe laid, even if they are not typical disorders of this age. These disorders can be triggered by the child’s constant exposure to advertising, which influences his perception of the environment and his own body.
The boy or girl who does not eat anything new
Another question is when the child eats only a certain figure of food, and refuses to try anything else. Normally, it is usually a mild problem, which is solved by repeated exposures to rejected food, but it can also lead, if parents are consents, to the child not having an adequate diet.
They are highly selective children in intake those who are their diet have only 10 to 15 foods. This can come from a sensory food aversion, they refuse food depending on its color, texture, smell, temperature or appearance. The most common example is autism feeding problems that require deeper behavioral therapy.
In conclusion we can say that if a child has problems in his behavior to feed, you need to go to the pediatrician, so that he discard if there is something organic base. If this is not the case, we must follow the professional’s recommendations to correct the child’s behavior. It imparts is for us to be aware that a timely intervention will save many future problems.